JEE Main Syllabus: Physics, Chemistry and Maths

JEE Main Syllabus: Physics, Chemistry and Maths


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JEE Main is one of the most prestigious engineering entrance exams in India. The JEE Main exam serves as a gateway for admission to the top engineering colleges in India, including the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs). The exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) twice a year, and the syllabus for JEE Main is vast and includes topics from class 11 and 12.


Mathematics is an essential part of the JEE Main exam, and it constitutes a significant portion of the overall question paper. To score well in JEE Main maths, it is necessary to have a deep understanding of algebra and calculus. Some of the essential topics in mathematics include trigonometry, coordinate geometry, and vectors.

JEE Main Syllabus Maths

Trigonometry is an integral part of JEE Main maths and includes various subtopics such as trigonometric ratios, trigonometric identities, and trigonometric equations. Coordinate geometry involves understanding the relationship between geometrical figures and the coordinate plane. Vectors are utilized to describe the direction and magnitude of a particle. Understanding the concepts of all these topics is crucial to score well in the JEE Main maths section. One of the most common mistakes students tend to commit in the JEE Main maths section is that they tend to waste a lot of time on simple questions. To avoid this, students should strategically plan their exam and focus on solving the difficult questions first.


Physics is the most weighted subject in the JEE Main exam, and it has a vast syllabus. Mechanics and optics are the two most essential topics in physics that are covered in JEE Main. In terms of mechanics, students need to have a thorough understanding of topics such as kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, work-energy theorem, and conservative forces.

JEE Main Syllabus Physics

Optics is another crucial topic in JEE Main physics and involves the study of light and its behavior. Students need to have a good understanding of concepts such as reflection, refraction, lenses, and mirrors. Modern physics is also an essential topic in JEE Main and includes subtopics such as wave-particle duality, photoelectric effect, and nuclear physics.


Chemistry is divided into three categories in JEE Main, which includes physical chemistry, organic chemistry, and inorganic chemistry. Physical chemistry involves understanding the fundamental concepts of chemistry and includes topics such as stoichiometry, atomic structure, and chemical bonding. Organic chemistry is dedicated to the study of carbon-based compounds, and inorganic chemistry includes the study of chemical compounds that do not contain carbon.

JEE Main Syllabus Chemistry

Chemistry requires a lot of practice, and it is recommended to attempt as many questions from previous year's papers as possible. One way to prepare for JEE Main chemistry is to focus on practicing chemical reactions and reaction mechanisms. Students must have a thorough understanding of the periodic table and chemical bonding to score well in JEE Main chemistry.

Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme

The JEE Main exam is conducted both online and offline and consists of three sections, including physics, chemistry, and mathematics. The physics and chemistry sections consist of 30 questions each, while the maths section consists of 25 questions. The JEE Main exam is for a total of 360 marks, and each question carries four marks. However, for every wrong answer, one mark is deducted, and for any unanswered question, no marks are deducted.

It is essential to read the question paper carefully and plan the exam strategy accordingly. It is always advisable to attempt the questions in which students are confident, and they must avoid negative marking.


NCERT books are an essential part of JEE Main preparation. More than 60% of the JEE Main syllabus is covered in NCERT books. NCERT books are beneficial in providing a strong foundation for students by developing their concepts from the basics. Students should start with NCERT books before moving on to other reference books.

Students must focus on the key topics of NCERT books, which are crucial for JEE Main. These topics include calculus, algebra, mechanics, optics, and chemical reactions. Students should read the NCERT books carefully, focus on important sections, and take notes for future revisions.

Online Resources and Mock Tests

There are many online resources that students can use to prepare for JEE Main. Students can access online sample papers, previous year's JEE Main question papers, and tutorials to help them prepare for the exam. There are many websites and apps that provide video lectures, practice questions and solutions for JEE Main.

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Mock tests are important for JEE Main preparation as they help in identifying the strengths and weaknesses of students. By taking mock tests, students can gauge their level of preparation and get a feel for the actual exam. Many websites provide free mock tests that mimic the JEE Main exam pattern, which students should take to improve their scores.

Time Management for JEE Main

Time management is one of the most crucial aspects of JEE Main preparation. Students must plan their time in advance and allocate sufficient time to each subject. Students must also allocate adequate time for revision and practice. It is important to take breaks in between study sessions to avoid burnout and to maintain focus.

7 Mistakes Avoid When Preparing Jee Exam

During the exam, students should allocate their time wisely and attempt only those questions they are confident about. They should avoid getting stuck on a particular question and move forward if they are unable to solve it. Students must keep track of time during the exam and must allocate sufficient time for revising their answers.

Revision Techniques

Revision is important for JEE Main as it helps in consolidating knowledge and improves memory retention. Revision techniques such as active recall, spaced repetition, and mind maps can help students in retaining information more effectively.

Students should create revision notes while studying for JEE Main and revise them regularly. They should focus on understanding the concepts and not just memorizing them. They can use flashcards to revise key concepts or formulas, which will help them in retaining the information for longer.

JEE Main is a challenging exam, and it requires dedication, focus, and hard work. To score well in JEE Main, students must have a clear understanding of the syllabus and develop a sound strategy for preparing for the exam. Students must focus on the essential topics, practice regularly, and take mock tests to enhance their chances of success. Effective time management, revision, and online resources can help students in achieving their goal of cracking JEE Main.


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