JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) Mains and JEE Advanced are two of the most significant exams that engineering aspirants need to clear in India. These exams serve as a gateway to top engineering colleges in India, including the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs). While JEE Mains is the first stage exam, clearing which makes students eligible to appear for JEE Advanced, the latter is the final exam that determines a student's admission to top engineering colleges. This blog will compare JEE Mains and JEE Advanced, highlighting their differences in terms of eligibility criteria, exam pattern, syllabus, difficulty level, scoring system, admissions, and preparation strategy.
JEE Main and JEE Advanced are the crucial stepping stones for students aiming to secure a spot in the best engineering colleges in India. Success in these exams requires not only a solid grasp of concepts but also effective time management, problem-solving skills, and a strong work ethic. Preparing thoroughly and seeking guidance from mentors can significantly enhance your chances of success in this highly competitive journey.
Before diving into a comparison of the two exams, let's discuss their eligibility criteria that students need to fulfill to be able to take either JEE Mains or JEE Advanced.
For JEE Mains, there is no age limit for students to appear for the exam. However, for JEE Advanced, only candidates who are born on or after October 1, 1996, can apply for the exam. Students who belong to the SC, ST, or PwD categories have a relaxation of five years.
Students who have cleared their Class 12th or are appearing for it in the current academic year are eligible for JEE Mains. They need to have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as their main subjects. Similarly, students who have cleared their Class 12th or are appearing for it in the current academic year, and have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as their main subjects, along with one of the following – Biology, Biotechnology, Chemistry, or Computer Science – can appear for JEE Advanced.
For both JEE Mains and JEE Advanced, students can attempt the exam twice a year. Earlier, students could attempt JEE Advanced only twice in two consecutive years, but the rule was removed last year.
Now, let's discuss the exam pattern of JEE Mains and JEE Advanced.
JEE Mains has two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2. Paper 1 is for admissions to B.E./B.Tech courses, while Paper 2 is for admissions to B.Arch/B.Planning courses. On the other hand, JEE Advanced has two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2 – both of which are compulsory.
For JEE Mains Paper 1, the duration is three hours, while for Paper 2, it is three and a half hours. Similarly, for both papers in JEE Advanced, the duration is three hours each.
In JEE Mains, both Paper 1 and Paper 2 have multiple-choice questions (MCQs), and some questions are also numerical-based. In contrast, JEE Advanced has a mix of MCQs and numerical-based questions.
The syllabus for JEE Mains and JEE Advanced has some common topics but also some significant differences.
Students preparing for both exams need to study topics such as Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. These topics include Mechanics, Electricity and Magnetism, Optics, Modern Physics, Periodic Properties, Chemical Bonding, States of Matter, Coordinate Geometry, Trigonometry, Calculus, and Algebra.
While JEE Mains has a relatively less extensive syllabus, JEE Advanced has additional topics that students need to study. These include Electrostatics, Thermodynamics, Complex Numbers, Differential Equations, Vector Algebra, Probability, and Statistics.
The difficulty level of both exams is significantly different, and it is essential for students to understand this before deciding which exam to take.
Comparison of difficulty level between the two exams
JEE Mains is comparatively easier than JEE Advanced, and the difficulty level increases significantly between the two exams. This is because JEE Advanced is designed to test the higher-order thinking skills of students.
Examples of difficult questions in JEE Advanced
Let's take some examples to understand the level of difficulty in JEE Advanced better. Many questions in JEE Advanced require students to integrate multiple concepts, which can be difficult. For instance, a Physics question in JEE Advanced last year required students to calculate the frequencies of radio waves in a remote village receiving different channels based on the length and radius of the cylindrical cavity.
Let's discuss the scoring system for JEE Mains and JEE Advanced.
How marks are calculated in each exam
In JEE Mains, students get four marks for every correct answer, and one mark is deducted for each incorrect answer. The scoring system is similar for JEE Advanced, except that some of the numerical-based questions do not have negative marking.
Difference in weightage of different subjects
While both exams test students on Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, the weightage of each subject is different. In JEE Mains, each subject carries equal weightage, while in JEE Advanced, Physics and Mathematics carry more weightage than Chemistry.
Let's talk about the admission criteria for engineering colleges based on JEE scores.
Criteria for admission to engineering colleges based on JEE scores
Based on their JEE scores, students get admission to engineering colleges participating in the admission process through JoSAA (Joint Seat Allocation Authority). They need to fill in their choices of colleges and courses, and the admission is done based on their merit and availability of seats.
Cutoff marks for different colleges
The cutoff marks for different engineering colleges vary each year and depend on various factors such as the number of seats available, the number of applications received, and the difficulty level of the exam.
Now, let's talk about the preparation strategy for JEE Mains and JEE Advanced.
Preparing for JEE exams requires a lot of hard work, dedication, and perseverance. Some tips that students can follow are:
• Develop a study plan and stick to it
• Focus on building a strong foundation in all concepts
• Take regular mock tests and solve previous years' question papers
• Stay updated with the latest exam pattern and syllabus
Mock tests and previous years' question papers help students understand the exam pattern, the level of difficulty, and the types of questions asked. Solving them regularly also helps students develop time management skills, which are crucial in exams like JEE Mains and JEE Advanced.